There are a huge number of Linux operating systems, each of which offers one or another advantage. Different versions of the OS can make it difficult to choose and take a considerable amount of time to search for the necessary exactly for your tasks. Ubuntu, Mint, Elementary, Fedora, openSUSE … a list of user-friendly distributions may seem like an endless story. Need a simpler OS? For games? Or maybe you need a multimedia distribution for comfortable viewing and listening to media content? They are all available.
Here is a regularly updated list of Linux operating systems, optimally suited for specific needs and requirements of the project. Material – adaptive translation of the article Christian Cawley The Best Linux Operating Systems.
Here is a list:
- Linux for newbies
- Main distributions
- Linux distributions for creativity
- Learning Distributions
- Distros for Raspberry Pi
- Lightweight distributions
- Video game distributions
- Security Distributions
- Distributions for corporate clients
- Linux for newbies
Ubuntu, a distribution based on Debian, has released a new version of the popular Linux distribution Ubuntu – 17.10 Artful Aardvark with the Gnome 3 (3.26) GUI and Gnome Shell (which is more customizable and flexible). Ubuntu is one of the most widely used Linux operating systems. When switching to Linux, most likely this distribution will be one of the first that you start to use. There is even a raspberry version for the Raspberry Pi. For download version 17.10 only 64-bit edition is available (1.4 GB).
Features and changes:
– The new GNOME desktop — the biggest change has been to the desktop environment. In Ubuntu version 17.10 instead of Unity – GNOME, version 3.26.1.
– Wayland (protocol of interaction between KOM and clients). By default, the display server is Wayland, but for systems and users who prefer X.Org, you can choose the “Ubuntu on X.org” session
– new on-screen keyboard Caribou
– server build with updated versions of QEMU 2.10, libvirt 3.6, DPDK 17.05.2, Open vSwitch 2.8, Samba 4.6.7
Ubuntu has many derivatives, the Kubuntu distribution is one of them, using the KDE GUI. Kubuntu’s user-friendly OS is part of the Ubuntu project. A free and open-source alternative to Windows and Mac OS X that contains everything you need to work. By default, Kubuntu comes with a Firefox browser. Other browsers (Chromium, Rekonq) can be installed from the Kubuntu repositories. KDE Telepathy – Kubuntu messenger – allows you to communicate via Facebook, Google Talk, AIM, ICQ, Jabber, Messenger, Skype, etc. The Kubuntu distribution comes with music and a video player: just choose a track or video, and Kubuntu takes care of the rest. LibreOffice (office application) is compatible with all office applications, including Microsoft Office.
Linux Mint – freedom that led to elegance – a powerful and easy distribution. Based on Ubuntu Linux, Mint is a reliable distribution, according to DistroWatch (a news site specializing in OS ratings publishing). Linux Mint recently held a leading position in the ranking among users who have switched to Linux from Windows or macOS.
Deepin is a distribution that was previously based on Ubuntu, with DDE GUI. For those who have switched from Windows or macOS to Linux, the simplicity of the distribution kit will please, the OS is nice and friendly with normal settings, there is a window manager – Gala. The visual effects and attractive appearance of the distribution are a nice plus. The new version 15.4.1 added sound effects and system sounds. The distribution comes with its own applications such as Deepin Software Center, DMusic, DPlayer. Excellent alternative to Windows for a wide range of users (home and office), support 30 languages (even Hindi). After optimizing the effects of the window manager, you can set a different wallpaper for each workspace. Gesture support for multi-touch.
PCLinuxOS is positioned as one of the most common Linux distributions among newbies, the KDE Plasma Desktop GUI is installed as standard. You can easily install drivers, office applications, edit photos, comfortable work with multimedia – provided. By the way, it is perfect as a second OS. In PCLinuxOS there is a full set of applications for comfortable web surfing, e-mailing, messaging, viewing online video, GIMP, Picasa and others for working with multimedia content, office application LibreOffice.
Debian is the oldest and most popular Linux distribution with the GNOME GUI. There are projects based on other Debian GNU / kFreeBSD kernels (FreeBSD kernel), Debian GNU / Hurd (with the GNU Hurd kernel) and others are being developed.
Mageia is a stable, secure OS for both personal computers and servers, initially it was a non-commercial fork of Mandriva Linux. Distribution – a good option for beginners, simple, convenient, multilingual, supports graphical shell – KDE, GNOME, MATE, LXDE, Xfce, Cinnamon.
Xubuntu is a simple and aesthetically appealing OS based on Ubuntu. Xfce is the graphical environment of this OS. Perfectly suitable for installation on laptops, netbooks, low requirements allow you to install it even on older machines.